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NC State Extension

Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA)

The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) is a compilation of laws that require the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to set comprehensive, prevention-based controls across the food supply. FSMA was passed by Congress on December 21, 2010 and signed into law on January 4, 2011.

The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) gave FDA a new public health mandate. It directed FDA to establish standards for adoption of modern food safety prevention practices by those who grow, process, transport, and store food. It also gave FDA new mandates, authorities and oversight tools aimed at providing solid assurances that those practices are being carried out by the food industry on a consistent, on-going basis.

The seven foundational rules (or parts) of FSMA were finalized between 2015 and 2016 and are outlined in the list below:

1. Produce Safety: Establishes science-based standards for growing, harvesting, packing and holding produce on domestic and foreign farms. The Final rule was issued on Nov. 13, 2015. The NC Fresh Produce Website will focus on providing guidance, resources and training announcements for this rule.

2. Preventive Controls for Human Food: Requires that food facilities have safety plans that set forth how they will identify and minimize hazards. The final rule was issued on Sept. 10, 2015.

3. Preventive Controls for Animal Food: Establishes Current Good Manufacturing Practices and preventive controls for food for animals. The final rule was issued on Sept. 10, 2015.

4. Foreign Supplier Verification Program: Importers will be required to verify that food imported into the United States has been produced in a manner that provides the same level of public health protection as that required of U.S. food producers. The final rule was issued on Nov. 13, 2015.

5. Third Party Certification: Establishes a program for the accreditation of third-party auditors to conduct food safety audits and issue certifications of foreign facilities producing food for humans or animals. The final rule was issued on Nov. 13, 2015.

6. Sanitary Transportation: Requires those who transport food to use sanitary practices to ensure the safety of food. The final rule was issued on Apr. 5, 2016.

7. Intentional Adulteration: Requires domestic and foreign facilities to address vulnerable processes in their operations to prevent acts intended to cause large-scale public harm. The final rule deadline was May 31, 2016.

For more in depth information about FSMA visit: